Irrigation can be defined as a process of putting a manageable amount of water in the soil when need There are four major ways in which irrigation can be done. One type of irrigation is the surface method. In this method of water is spread to all the other ground parts by gravity. Water is channeled to the field through various ways such as siphons, gated pipes and turn out structures. For this method to be done the land must be flat and gently sloping and the soil must have a medium to a soft texture. Another form of irrigation is the use of sprinklers. The method is quite costly since one requires a good amount of money to purchase equipment needed for the method such as pipes and sprinklers. The advantage of the method is that it can be applied in all terrains.
Use of drip is the other irrigation method. In this method water is applied through emitters direct to the soil inform of drops or streams. All soil types are viable for use with this method. Subsurface irrigation is an irrigation method. Water is applied below the soil surface in this irrigation method. Depending on the depth of the water table this may vary. In the society today irrigation has been of great benefit. The the major benefit of irrigation is that it has helped to protect crops against drought. Crops thrive well and as a result, lead to a great harvest. Death through starvation has been reduced greatly in countries through the use of irrigation that has improved food security.
Another advantage of irrigation is that it helps to conserve soil nutrients. Manual watering may cause runoff water, this may cause the nutrients present in the soil to be carried away or leached. The another benefit of irrigation is to increase the rate at which the plant grows. The plans are able to make their foods at a fast rate through photosynthesis due to their green colour. This helps to save on the time that could be wasted if the plants developed stunted growth. The another benefit resulting from irrigation is minimal weed growth retain the land. Only areas that have crops will be facilitated with water in the case of an irrigation system. This helps to limit potential weed growth in the land. There is great time management due to irrigation. One is able to manage the time that would have been consumed through manual watering of the plants.
Irrigation has helped in turning land that was initially not productive into great use. T his has aided in land wastage reduction since more land has been put into use. plant Irrigation is an easy thing to carry out since it does not necessarily require tap water but can use groundwater-surface water as well as recycled water. Irrigation are easy to find since they are readily available in the market and a person can as well order them online. There are many online ventures that have specialized in the selling of irrigation equipment at fair prices that is friendly to one’s pockets.